Pen Manufacturing in India

The Evolution of Pen Manufacturing in India: From Quills to Plastic Pens

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Pens are an indispensable tool in our daily lives, facilitating the expression of thoughts, ideas, and creativity. While the history of writing instruments dates back to ancient civilizations, the modern pen as we know it has a fascinating history, especially in India. In this blog, we will take a journey through time to explore the history of pen manufacturing in India, highlighting key pen manufacturing companies and top pen brands that have played a significant role in shaping the writing instrument industry in the country.

The Early Days of Pen Making in India

The story of pen manufacturing in India can be traced back to ancient times when people used various tools to write. Feathers and reeds, known as quills, were commonly used as writing instruments. However, as time progressed, the need for more convenient and efficient writing tools became apparent.

The Indian pen industry saw its first significant development during British colonial rule when British administrators and officers brought fountain pens and inkwells to India. These early fountain pens, imported from Europe, were expensive and not readily available to the common Indian population.

The Birth of Pen Manufacturing Companies in India

It was in the early 20th century that the first indigenous pen manufacturing company in India. One of the pioneers in this field was Wilson Pen Company, established in 1927 in Mumbai. Wilson pens were considered a luxury writing instrument and were highly regarded among the Indian elite.

Another noteworthy name in the early Indian pen industry was Airmail Pen Company, founded in 1951. Airmail pens were affordable and widely accessible, making them a preferred choice for students and the general public.

The Rise of Plastic Pen Manufacturers in India

The 1960s marked a significant turning point in the Indian pen manufacturing industry. The introduction of plastic molding technology led to the mass production of inexpensive ballpoint pens. This revolutionized the way Indians wrote and made pens more affordable for the masses.

Cello Pens, founded in 1986, became one of the leading plastic pen manufacturers in India. Cello’s range of pens, with their smooth writing experience and affordability, quickly gained popularity and became a staple in schools and offices across the country.

Today, numerous other plastic pen manufacturers, such as Linc Pen and Plastics Ltd., SSB Metals Reynolds, and Luxor, have established themselves as prominent players in the Indian pen market. These companies produce a wide range of writing instruments, including ballpoint pens, gel pens, and markers.


The history of pen manufacturing in India is a journey of evolution, from quills and imported fountain pens to the mass production of plastic ballpoint pens. Today, India boasts a thriving pen industry with numerous companies like SSB Metal catering to the diverse needs of consumers. Whether you’re a student, a professional, or an enthusiast, there’s a pen brand in India that suits your style and budget. As the Indian pen industry continues to innovate, we can expect even more exciting developments in the world of writing instruments in the years to come.

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