Can Constipation Cause Back Pain

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Millions of individuals throughout the world suffer from back discomfort, which is a common condition. Numerous things, including strained muscles, bad posture, or underlying medical issues, might contribute to it. Constipation is an unexpected element that can cause back discomfort. There is a relationship between the two, even if it might not be the first thing that springs to mind when you consider the reasons of back discomfort. This essay will examine the mechanics at play, the symptoms you could experience, and how constipation can cause back pain.

Constipation explanation

Infrequent bowel motions or trouble passing feces are symptoms of constipation. Numerous things, such as food decisions, inactivity, dehydration, drugs, and underlying medical disorders, might contribute to it. Stool that is constipated is dry and hard, making it difficult to travel through the rectum and intestines.

Constipation and Back Pain: A Connection

Although it may not be immediately apparent, the connection between constipation and back discomfort is made plain when we take into account the lower abdominal and pelvic architecture. The abdominal area contains the intestines, which are a component of the digestive system. Constipation causes the big intestine to fill up with firm stool. Back discomfort might develop as a result of it pressing upon surrounding structures, such as the spine. This link functions as follows:

The bloated large intestine puts pressure on the spine, especially the lumbar area, which is located in the lower back. This pressure has the potential to irritate the spinal nerves, resulting in discomfort and agony.

Nerve Irritation: When the spine and nearby nerves are compressed, it can cause referred pain, which manifests as back pain but actually originates in the abdomen. The strength of this referred pain might change and can be either severe, dull, or cramp-like.

Changed Posture: When constipated, people frequently automatically change their posture to reduce pain. Back discomfort may result from these postural modifications because they put more strain on the back muscles.

Muscle Tension: When constipated, straining during bowel motions is usual. The lower back muscles may become more tense as a result of this strain, which might be painful and uncomfortable.

Constipation can cause back pain that ranges in intensity from minor discomfort to crippling pain. Depending on the person, it might either be acute or chronic.

Preventing Back Pain Caused by Constipation

The good news is that you may take precautions to avoid back discomfort brought on by constipation. The following tips can assist you in maintaining regular bowel motions while lowering your risk of back pain:

Hydration: Maintaining a soft, readily passing stool requires drinking enough of water. Aim to drink eight glasses of water or more each day.

A high-fiber diet can help control bowel motions since it contains fiber from fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. Fiber makes stools more voluminous and encourages regularity.

Regular Exercise: Exercise stimulates the digestive system and aids in maintaining regular bowel motions. On most days of the week, try to get in at least 30 minutes of exercise.

Medication and Supplements: Over-the-counter laxatives or stool softeners may offer momentary relief from constipation if dietary and lifestyle adjustments are insufficient. But before taking any drug, speak with a medical expert.

Maintain Good Posture: When using the restroom, pay attention to your posture. Keep your knees higher than your hips by using a tiny footstool to raise your feet. The colon can be more aligned for easy removal in this posture.

Stress reduction: Constipation may result from prolonged stress. To calm your body and mind, try stress-reduction exercises like yoga, meditation, or deep breathing.

How to Know When to Seek Medical Help

Even though minor constipation-related back pain is frequently treatable with a change in lifestyle, it’s important to know when to contact a doctor. Consult a medical professional if:

Back pain is very bad and never goes away.

You lose weight suddenly and without cause.

Your stool contains blood.

You have a history of colon cancer in your family.

Dietary and lifestyle changes have no impact on your constipation.

Chronic constipation can occasionally be a sign of an underlying medical ailment, such as Crohn’s disease, IBS, or a structural problem with the digestive system. By addressing these underlying problems, constipation and the resulting back discomfort can be reduced.


Although there are many potential reasons of back pain, constipation is a frequently disregarded factor. Constipation can put strain on the digestive system and produce discomfort, which can lead to mild to severe back pain. You may lessen your likelihood of having this unpleasant combination of symptoms by being aware of the link between constipation and back pain and by taking action to avoid and manage constipation. To treat any underlying concerns and guarantee your general health and well-being, it is essential to seek medical advice if constipation continues or if back discomfort is severe and prolonged.


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